How to connect an instance by ec2-user to (S)FTP client software


To connect the Amimoto instance with an SFTP client, you need an application of SFTP and a secret key file of the instance(.pem).

You can connect the instance with the ec2-user user, but the directory which WordPress is placed in, /var/www/vhosts, is owned by the nginx user who runs the web server, so you can’t upload files here with the ec2-user user.

This post describes how to change the running user of Nginx and php-fpm, also make the ec2-user user upload files and so on.

1. Change the running user of nginx and php-fpm to ec2-user (only after instance creation)

First, open /opt/local/amimoto.json file, replace the contents with the following:

"nginx" : { "config" : { "user" : "ec2-user" } },
"php" : { "config" : { "user" : "ec2-user" } },
"run_list" : [ "recipe[amimoto]" ]

For AMIMOTO HHVM version, rewrite as follows:

"nginx" : { "config" : { "user" : "ec2-user" } },
"php" : { "config" : { "user" : "ec2-user" } },
"hhvm" : { "enabled" : true, "config" : { "user" : "ec2-user" } },
"run_list" : [ "recipe[amimoto]" ]

Then run /opt/local/provision with root privileges.

$ sudo /opt/local/provision

Upon completion, change the owner of /var/www/vhosts for the ec2-user user to operate the directory.

$sudo chown -R ec2-user:nginx /var/www/vhosts


2. Connect with (S)FTP Client Software

Server connection settings

  • Server: Instance IP Address 
  • Username: ec2-user
  • Secret key
  • Path: /var/www/vhosts/ {instance name (optional) }
  • Connection method (Port): SFTP (22)

Examples of (S)FTP Client Software connection:

An example below is Cyberduck, enter the server information, check “Use Public Key Authentication” and choose private key (.pem) when prompted.

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